Cybersecurity Basics

  1. Use a Long, Unique Passphrase:
    • Choose a passphrase that’s easy to remember but hard to guess. A passphrase is often easier to recall than a random string of characters.
  2. Use at Least 12 Characters:
    • Longer passwords are more secure. They are harder for hackers to crack, making your accounts less appealing targets.
  3. Implement Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) or Multi-factor Authentication (MFA):
    • Adding an extra layer of security to your accounts is worth the effort. It helps protect against unauthorized access.
  4. Be Cautious with Emails, Texts, and Messages:
    • Delete suspicious or unsolicited messages.
    • Verify the sender’s identity if you’re unsure.
    • Avoid clicking on suspicious links.
  5. Keep Your Devices Clean:
    • Use reputable antivirus and anti-malware software.
    • Enable automatic updates for your devices to stay protected against known vulnerabilities.
  6. Back Up Your Data:
    • Follow the 3-2-1 rule: Keep three copies of your data, store two backups on different types of media, and have one off-site copy.
    • Consider using cloud backup services for added security.
  7. Configure Privacy and Security Settings:
    • When opening new accounts, immediately adjust privacy and security settings to limit information sharing.
    • Double-check settings to ensure your preferences are saved.
  8. Exercise Caution on Social Media:
    • Be mindful of the information you share.
    • Avoid disclosing travel plans or valuable possessions.
  9. Use Caution with Public Wi-Fi Hotspots:
    • Public Wi-Fi networks are often insecure and can be exploited by Cyber criminals.
    • Consider using a Virtual Private Network (VPN) or your personal mobile hotspot for secure internet access.

By following these cybersecurity basics, you can significantly enhance your online safety and protect your digital assets and personal information.